Indutrade takes a central approach to the Group’s funding. In principle, all external funding is conducted by the Parent Company, which then funds the Group’s subsidiaries, both in and outside Sweden, in local currency. Cash pools are established in Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands and the UK.
Indutrade has had a commercial paper programme in place since 2014. The framework of the programme was expanded in 2016 from SEK 1,500 million to SEK 2,000 million. On 31 December 2018, the outstanding volume of commercial paper was SEK 1,100 million. During the first quarter Indutrade established a Medium Term Note (MTN) programme with a framework amount of SEK 3 billion. To refinance existing loans, during the first quarter two unsecured bonds totalling SEK 1,000 million were issued with a tenor of five years, and during the fourth quarter an additional unsecured bond of SEK 500 million was issued with a tenor of 3.25 years.
At year-end 2018 the Group had SEK 708 million (464) in cash and cash equivalents and SEK 2,880 million (2,752) in unutilised overdraft facilities.
Maturity profile – Group’s financing1), 31 December 2018
1)Pertains to the Parent Company, which is responsible for most of the Group’s financing.
The Group strives to maintain a reasonable balance between equity, debt financing and liquidity, to enable the Group to secure funding at a reasonable capital cost. The Group’s goal is that the net debt/equity ratio, defined as interest-bearing liabilities less cash and cash equivalents in relation to equity, normally should not exceed 100%. At year-end the debt/equity ratio was 63% (74%).